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BSIP RM batch 37 (299)

23... z 3
EN_01359439_0196 BSI
Illustration of the anatomy of the eye showing the trabecular meshwork located at the base of the cornea. This natural filter allows the aqueous humour to drain and maintain constant and equal pressure on the interior of the eye. In glaucoma, the blocked trabecular meshwork prevents the aqueous humour from draining correctly, which leads to intraocular pressure that can damage the optic disc and nerve.
EN_01359439_0197 BSI
Illustration of glaucoma treatment using ultrasound. The ultrasound beams enable the ciliary body, the gland which produces aqueous humour, to coagulate, reducing the secretion long-term. The optic nerve is no longer under pressure, sight is maintained.
EN_01359439_0198 BSI
Illustration of the areas of the brain affected in the case of transient global amnesia (TGA), a pathology affecting short-term memory. Two types of memory are concerned in short-term memory, controlled and coordinated by the pre-frontal cortex (green), the central administrator: -phonological memory, represented by white arrows, affecting the Broca's area (purple, production of spoken words) and Wernicke's area (pink, auditory and oral language, comprehension of these words) -visuo-spatial memory represented by the occiptal cortex (blue, treatment of visual and spatial information).
EN_01359439_0199 BSI
Illustration of the anatomy of a premature baby. The various organs likely to be affected by complications at birth are shown as transparent: the brain, respiratory tract (pharynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs) and the digestive organs (liver, stomach, pancreas, intestines). These organs can be affected by the following complications: -deficient immune system, vulnerability to infection -side-effects, cerebral lesions, intracerebral haemorrage -imperfect swallowing, deficient digestive system, immature digestion -breathing complications and difficulty breathing, risk of apnea -hypoglycemia -hyothermia
EN_01359439_0200 BSI
Illustration of the respiratory system: -nasopharynx -larynx and trachea -lungs, the left in cross-section showing bronchial tubes, bronchiolus and alveolus. The lungs and heart are the organs of the thorax surrounded at the top by the upper mediastinal orifice, the ribs at the side and the diaphragm below. The brain sends information to the diaphragm through the phrenic nerve, intercostal muscles and intercostal nerves to enlarge the rib cage so that the lungs can fill with air when breathing in and then to lessen the space in the rib cage when air is breathed out of the lungs.
EN_01359439_0201 BSI
Illustration of the location of the black substance (blue). This area contains dopamine neurons that are produced in smaller quantities in the case of Parkinson's disease. The prefrontal cortex, tonsils, hippocampus and thalamus are also illustrated.
EN_01359439_0202 BSI
Illustration of various stars, from the largest (supergiant and giant) to the smallest (dwarf), with the sun as a reference point. In the close-up: the Earth (the smallest), the Sun (yellow), Syrius (white) and Belatrix (blue). Cigny (at the bottom of the image), Arcturus (orange furthest left), Aldebaran (dark orange), Canopus (grey) and Dereb (blue on the right-hand edge of the image).
EN_01359439_0203 BSI
Illustration of the organs that can currently be replaced by artificial organs. From top to bottom: -brain -eye and retina -trachea and bronchial tubes -lungs -heart - liver -kidneys -pancreas -bladder -penis
EN_01359439_0204 BSI
Illustration of hearing, journey of the sound wave in the ear. The sound wave is captured by the auricle, penetrates in the auditory canal, vibrates the eardrum membrane, which in turn vibrates the ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes). The vibration of the stapes make the fenestra vestibuli membrane vibrate which causes hydraulic waves in the cochlea perilympha (blue), appliying pressure on the endolymph inside the cochlea channel, moving the basilar membrane (pink), causing the hair cells to move against the tectorial membrane, producing a nerve impulse in the cochlea nerve fibres (yellow). This nerve impulse moves to the auditory nerve and carries the message to the auditory area of the brain, which analyses the data.
EN_01359439_0205 BSI
Illustration of the action of pesticides on human cells, increasing the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Parkinson's disease and prostate cancer. The first action of pesticides on B-lymphocytes is genotoxic, pesticides reach cellular DNA and cause the displacement of the Bcl2 gene (yellow) of chromosome 18 towards chromosome 14, causing an anarchic proliferation of B-lymphocytes. The second action affects NK-lymphocytes, which are specialized in eliminating abnormal cells such as mutated B-lymphocytes. Pesticides disrupt the production of molecules that usually allow abnormal cells to be eliminated; mutated B-lymphocytes proliferate anarchically as they are no longer eliminated by NK-lymphocytes.
EN_01359439_0206 BSI
Illustration of hypersomnia with a sleep graph for a normal subject (top graph) and the graph someone suffering from hypersomnia (lower graph). The normal subject is awake during the day and asleep at night, going from a light sleep to a deep sleep several times at the beginning of the night until they reach REM sleep then straight to REM sleep in the second part of the night, never returning to an awakened state between falling sleep and waking. The subject suffering from hypersomnia goes straight to REM sleep several times a day, without going through the intermediate stages, but also several times a night, going through an awakened state between each REM sleep.
EN_01359439_0207 BSI
Illustration of endometriosis, and the organs infected by this disease. Endometriosis is the presence of the uterine lining outside the uterine cavity, which bleeds during each period and causes abdominal pain.
EN_01359439_0208 BSI
Illustration of the female genitalia and the pituitary gland, which produces FSH (folliculin) and LH (luteinizing hormone) that act on the reproductive organs, stimulate reproduction and the secretion of sex hormones.
EN_01359439_0209 BSI
Frontal illustration of a male skeleton.
EN_01359439_0210 BSI
Illustration of a senior person doing sport. Doing sport after 50 is beneficial to the organs shown in the illustration (heart, lungs, muscle tone and joints). It is also recommended after treating a serious illness.
EN_01359439_0211 BSI
Illustration of the arterial network, heart and arteries of the upper and lower limbs, thoracic and abdominal arteries in the outline of a woman.
EN_01359439_0212 BSI
Illustration of various types of uniovular gemellary pregnancies (true twins); these pregnancies result from a single egg and a single sperm, the fertilized egg divides. Depending on the date of division: Before 4 days: dichorionic pregnancy (2 placentas), diamniotic (two amniotic sacs). From 4 to 8 days: monochorionic pregnancy (1 placenta for 2 fetuses), diamniotic (two amniotic sacs). From 8 to 14 days: monochorionic pregnancy (1 placenta), monoamniotic (one amniotic sac). After 14 days: conjoined twins, 1 umbilical cord (Siamese).
EN_01359439_0213 BSI
Illustration of Sj?gren's syndrome, an autoimmune infection characterized by the infiltration of lymphocyte cells in certain glands, principally the lachrymal and salivary glands. This leads to a decrease in tear and saliva secretion. It can affect other organs such as the skin and vagina, but also joints, lungs, kidneys and peripheral nerves.
EN_01359439_0214 BSI
Illustration of the tear ducts.
EN_01359439_0215 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0216 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0217 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0218 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0219 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0220 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0221 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0222 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0223 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0224 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0225 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0226 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0227 BSI
Illustration of the pregnancy desire.
EN_01359439_0228 BSI
Woman looking at her belly.
EN_01359439_0229 BSI
Woman looking at her belly.
EN_01359439_0230 BSI
Woman looking at her belly.
EN_01359439_0231 BSI
Woman looking at her belly.
EN_01359439_0232 BSI
Woman looking at her belly.
EN_01359439_0233 BSI
Biological clock.
EN_01359439_0234 BSI
Biological clock.
EN_01359439_0235 BSI
Biological clock.
EN_01359439_0236 BSI
Biological clock.
EN_01359439_0237 BSI
Illustration of the desire for a children.
EN_01359439_0238 BSI
Menstrual protection : menstrual cup.
EN_01359439_0239 BSI
Menstrual protection : tampon.
EN_01359439_0240 BSI
Menstrual protection : tampon.
EN_01359439_0241 BSI
Menstrual protection : tampon.
EN_01359439_0242 BSI
Menstrual protections : tampon and cup.
EN_01359439_0243 BSI
Menstrual protection : menstrual cup.
EN_01359439_0244 BSI
Menstrual protection : menstrual cup.
EN_01359439_0245 BSI
Menstrual protection : menstrual cup.
EN_01359439_0246 BSI
Menstrual protection : menstrual cup.
EN_01359439_0247 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0248 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0249 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0250 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0251 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0252 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0253 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0254 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0255 BSI
Woman covering her breasts.
EN_01359439_0256 BSI
Woman forming the shape of a heart.
EN_01359439_0257 BSI
Woman forming the shape of a heart.
EN_01359439_0258 BSI
Woman forming the shape of a heart.
EN_01359439_0259 BSI
Woman undressing.
EN_01359439_0260 BSI
Woman undressing.
EN_01359439_0261 BSI
Woman undressing.
EN_01359439_0262 BSI
Woman undressing.
EN_01359439_0263 BSI
Woman wearing sportswear.
EN_01359439_0264 BSI
Woman wearing sportswear.
EN_01359439_0265 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0266 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0267 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0268 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0269 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0270 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0271 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0272 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0273 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0274 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0275 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0276 BSI
Woman eating a pie.
EN_01359439_0277 BSI
Woman eating a pie.
EN_01359439_0278 BSI
Woman eating a pie.
EN_01359439_0279 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0280 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0281 BSI
Woman using her phone before eating.
EN_01359439_0282 BSI
Breast pump on a desk.
EN_01359439_0283 BSI
Breast pump on a desk.
EN_01359439_0284 BSI
Breast pump on a desk.
EN_01359439_0285 BSI
Breast pump on a desk.
EN_01359439_0286 BSI
Breast pump on a desk.
EN_01359439_0287 BSI
Red heart and condoms on laptop computer.
EN_01359439_0288 BSI
Red heart and condoms on laptop computer.
EN_01359439_0289 BSI
Travel documents.
EN_01359439_0290 BSI
Travel documents.
EN_01359439_0291 BSI
Travel documents.
EN_01359439_0292 BSI
First aid kit.
EN_01359439_0293 BSI
First aid kit.
EN_01359439_0294 BSI
First aid kit.
EN_01359439_0295 BSI
First aid kit.
EN_01359439_0296 BSI
First aid kit.
EN_01359439_0297 BSI
List of names.
EN_01359439_0298 BSI
List of names.
EN_01359439_0299 BSI
Pie and smartphone.
EN_01359439_0150 BSI
Illustration of organs affected by hemochromatosis, a hereditary genetic disorder affecting the HFE gene of chromosome 6. This disorder causes an imbalance in transferrin carrying iron in the blood. This imbalance leads to excess iron absorption and an overload in certain organs' capacity to store iron: brain, muscles, heart, liver, spleen, pancreas, skin, bones.
EN_01359439_0151 BSI
Illustration of chromosome 6 in which the alteration of the HFE gene (red) causes hemochromatosis, a hereditary genetic disorder. This imbalance leads to excess iron absorption and an overload in certain organs' capacity to store iron.
EN_01359439_0152 BSI
Cross-section illustration of a blood vessel containing red blood corpuscles.
EN_01359439_0153 BSI
Illustration of hemochromatosis, a hereditary genetic disorder affecting the HFE gene of chromosome 6 and causes an imbalance in transferrin carrying iron in the blood. This imbalance leads to excess iron absorption and an overload in certain organs' capacity to store iron.
EN_01359439_0154 BSI
Illustration of hemochromatosis, a hereditary genetic disorder affecting the HFE gene of chromosome 6 and causes an imbalance in transferrin carrying iron in the blood. This imbalance leads to excess iron absorption and an overload in certain organs' capacity to store iron.
EN_01359439_0155 BSI
Illustration of the anatomy of female genitalia.
EN_01359439_0156 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: injection of radionuclides, blood flow carries these substances to the site of the tumor, which is extensively vascular.
EN_01359439_0157 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: injection of radionuclides. The tumor is extensively vascular due to the angiogenesis, which enables the radionuclides to be transported to the cancer cells through the blood supply.
EN_01359439_0158 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: the radionuclides (yellow) latch on to the SSTR2 specific tumor transmembrane receptors (grey).
EN_01359439_0159 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: internalization of the radionuclides and SSTR2 receptors in the tumor cell.
EN_01359439_0160 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: release of a gamma ray and electron in the tumor cell.
EN_01359439_0161 BSI
Illustration of radionuclide cancer treatment: release of a gamma ray and electron which will destroy the tumor cell.
EN_01359439_0162 BSI
Illustration of the brain. The right cerebral hemisphere is visible, along with the first nerves, optic chiasma, hypothalamus, mammillary bodies, trigeminal nerve, brainstem with the pons, medulla oblongata and cerebellum.
EN_01359439_0163 BSI
Illustration of a patient undergoing electroshock treatment for serious depression, or anti-depressant resistant depression. An electric current is administered at the temples, which causes an epileptic fit, triggering the secretion of neurohormones, involved in mood disorders, improving neuronal activity (connections between neurons).
EN_01359439_0164 BSI
Illustration of electroshock treatment in the neural network. On the left, the network of a depressive patient and, on the right, the network after electroshock treatment. Electroshocks send an electric current which causes an epileptic fit, triggering the secretion of neurohormones, involved in mood disorders, improving neuronal activity (connections between neurons).
EN_01359439_0165 BSI
Illustration of the principle of CAR-T cell immunotherapy consisting of modifying some of the patient's immune cells, T lymphocytes, so that they directly and specifically recognize the tumor cells and attack them. T lymphocytes are removed and genetically modified (CAR-T cells) so that they will specifically recognize certain diseased cells. CAR-T cells bond with the cancer cells which triggers various activities (the production of cytokines, expansion of lymphocytes etc.) contributing to the destruction of the cancer cells.
EN_01359439_0166 BSI
Illustration of the principle of CAR-T cell immunotherapy consisting of modifying some of the patient's immune cells, T lymphocytes, so that they directly and specifically recognize the tumor cells and attack them. Taking a blood sample in order to isolate the T lymphocytes of the cancer patient.
EN_01359439_0167 BSI
Illustration of the CAR-T cell membrane receptor, a T lymphocyte genetically modified for immunotherapy cancer treatment. The receptor bonds the cancer cells to the CAR-T cells triggering immune reactions, such as the production of cytokines, the expansion of lymphocytes, which contributes to the destruction of cancer cells.
EN_01359439_0168 BSI
Illustration of the CAR-T cell membrane receptor, a T lymphocyte genetically modified for immunotherapy cancer treatment. The receptor bonds the cancer cells to the CAR-T cells triggering immune reactions, such as the production of cytokines, the expansion of lymphocytes, which contributes to the destruction of cancer cells.
EN_01359439_0169 BSI
Illustration of a synapse between two dopamine neurons. Nerve impulse transmission is through dopamine and dopamine receptors. Dopamine is vital for nerve impulse transmission in the control of motor function.
EN_01359439_0170 BSI
Representation d'une synapse entre deux neurones r dopamine. La transmission de l'influx nerveux se fait gr?ce r la dopamine et aux recepteurs dopaminergiques. La dopamine est essentielle r la transmission de l'influx nerveux dans le contr?le de la motricite.
EN_01359439_0171 BSI
Illustration of a synapse between two dopamine neurons with Parkinson's disease, showing a decrease in nerve impulse transmission, due to a decrease in dopamine production. Dopamine is vital for nerve impulse transmission in the control of motor function. In the case of neurons with Parkinson's disease, the nerve impulse does not reach the striatum, the nerve structure that intervenes in voluntary and automatic motor function, correctly, which causes incoherent movement.
EN_01359439_0172 BSI
Illustration of the various trisomies highlighted on a genetic map. Each person has 22 pairs of chromosomes and two unique sex chromosomes. Seen here, the X and Y of a little girl. Trisomy concerns chromosomes 13, 18 and 21, who have three identical chromosomes instead of a pair.
EN_01359439_0173 BSI
Illustration of the various trisomies highlighted on a genetic map. Each person has 22 pairs of chromosomes and two unique sex chromosomes. Seen here, the X and Y of a little girl. Trisomy concerns chromosomes 13, 18 and 21, who have three identical chromosomes instead of a pair.

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