Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematician and physicist, c1925. Einstein's (1879-1955) main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity, proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematician and physicist. Einstein's (1879-1955) main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein and other physicists at Paul Ehrenfest's home, Leyden, Netherlands. Einstein (1879-1955) (left) with Paul Ehrenfest, Paul Langevin (1872-1946) (centre), Kamerlingh Onnes and Pierre Weiss.

Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematician and physicist. Einstein's (1879-1955) main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematician and physicist, with a student. Einstein's (1879-1955) main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein at Mount Wilson Observatory, California, USA. Einstein (1879-1955) examining the spectrograph at the base of the 150-foot tower telescope. Einstein's main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American mathematician and physicist, 1940. Einstein (1879-1955) in his study at Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, USA. Einstein's main contribution to science was the theory of relativity, regarded by many as the most important theory in the history of physics. His special (1905) and general (1916) theories of relativity proved the concept that time does not exist at the same rate for everyone and everything. Special Relativity produced the equation which expresses the equivalence between matter and energy: E=mc squared. In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics. His Jewish origins meant that he had to leave Germany during the Nazi period, emigrating to the USA and taking American citizenship.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955), mathematical physicist, c1979. Medal awarded annually to deserving individuals for outstanding scientific findings, works, or publications related to Albert Einstein. The first award in 1979 went to British physicist Stephen Hawking.