poniedziałek, 23 października 2017
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Ocaleni z rzezi Ormian - Redux (34)

! EN_01266621_0011 RED
Roza Khondkaryan, born in 1914, Igdir town, Surmalu province, Russian Empire "We migrated from the city of Igdir in Surmalu province. Our family was big. In 1917, an order came - the Armenians had to leave their homes. My father was not in Igdir. My uncle Avetis helped us, we gathered everything and left by carriage. The Russian troops had blocked the way, so that the Turks couldn't get to the refugees."
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Khachik Pepisyan, born in 1910, Kebusiye village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo vilayet "People were being evicted from their homes. My family left their house, but they did not go up the mountain, they went to Der Zor. In an Arab village, an Arab man that my grandfather knew took our family under his wing. We stayed there till 1919."
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Hovhannes Balabanyan, born in 1913, Bithias village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo Vilayet. "There are no mountains and no spring water anywhere else like the ones we had there. My grandfathers Karapet and Movses built our house ? it had two floors and two entrances, one leading to the garden and the other to the street. The two brothers lived with their families, 25 people, in peace and harmony. We left in tears."
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Tigranuhi Asatryan, born in 1910 in Kagizman town, Kars Province, Turkey. "We emigrated from Kagizman on two occasions. I don't remember the first time well. But I remember the second, in 1918, very well ? that terrifying day, the dead children ? until we managed to get to Leninakan. We lost our relatives ? my aunt, her three sons. They tortured my uncle in a Turkish prison, then killed him. There were suffering Armenians everywhere.
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! EN_01266621_0019 RED
Aregnaz Karapetyan, born in 1904, Igdalu village, Ankara Vilayet, Turkey. "I don't remember a thing. I only know that my father tied me to his chest and took me across the Araz River. I was a small girl, plucking cotton. I spent my life in torment, up to now."
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! EN_01266621_0032 RED
Ashkhen Avetisyan, born 1907, Latar village, Bitlis Vilayet, Turkey. Her sons told that they were deported in 1915. They said that Ms. Avetisyan had told them that there had been corpses on the road everywhere and that her mother, their grandmother, used to cover her eyes so she would not see the bodies.
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! EN_01266621_0034 RED
Noyem Hovhannisyan (Jamkochyan), born in 1910, Musa Dagh, Aleppo vilayet. She held up a portrait of herself and her deceased husband. "There was a disease ? cholera ? and the corpses lay swollen beneath the walls. The flies would gather on the healthy ones ? who could escape? Many died. My mother, two brothers, uncle, aunt and grandmother died there. My father would say that he had so many corpses that he became confused. The two-three priests were unable to cope with the burials of all the dead."
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! EN_01266621_0008 RED
Hovhannes Avetisyan, born in 1908, Tzpni village, Kars Province, Turkey. "There were 12 people in my family, I am the only one left, the Turks killed all 11. I remember I was 4 or 5 years old. We migrated from Tzpni in Kars. It was impossible to walk in the middle of the road, there were bodies strewn everywhere. The cart couldn't pass over the corpses ? the bodies were all around."
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! EN_01266621_0020 RED
Movses Dermishyan, born in 1908, Haji-Hababli village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo Vilayet, sitting with his wife, Sara Dermishyan. "Musa Dagh consisted of six Armenian villages. Nobody else lived among them, no other ethnicities, no other religions, all of them were people of the same religion. "Those six villages decided together that it is better to go up the mountain, defend ourselves and fight, rather than die in the streets."
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! EN_01266621_0003 RED
Noyem Beyazyan, born in 1907, Partizak town, Nicomedia (vicinity of Constantinople) "My father was a priest, also a beekeeper. He managed to get me to Greece by hiding me in a beehive, behind the bees. I moved to Armenia in 1947."
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! EN_01266621_0001 RED
Mari Vardanyan, born 1907, city of Malatya, Turkey. "The massacres began. My grandmother sold our house and gave the money she received to the government, so that they wouldn'??t arrest my father. We were hidden away by some Turks in their house. There were good Turks too. There was a command that if a Turk kept an Armenian in their home, they'??d be hanged to death right at their threshold... There is a saying: if our children forget so much evil then may the whole world reprimand the Armenians."
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Manik Manukyan, born 1910, Silivri town, in the vicinity of Constantinople, Turkey. "We escaped at night, and reached Greece in ships. My mother took us to the village of Vodina, we lived well there. Then I got married and moved to Thessaloniki. We were very rich in Greece. When we came to Armenia, our lifestyle worsened. My husband couldn't bear those conditions and died early. I worked as a tailor and sewed wedding dresses all my life."
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! EN_01266621_0029 RED
Manik Manukyan's hands, Manik Manukyan, born 1910, Silivri town, in the vicinity of Constantinople, Turkey. "We escaped at night, and reached Greece in ships. My mother took us to the village of Vodina, we lived well there. Then I got married and moved to Thessaloniki. We were very rich in Greece. When we came to Armenia, our lifestyle worsened. My husband couldn't bear those conditions and died early. I worked as a tailor and sewed wedding dresses all my life."
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Yeranuhi Shahazizyan, born in 1913, Igdir town, Surmalu province, Turkey.
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Arevhat Poghosyan, born in 1910, Sarighamish town, Kars province, Turkey. "We migrated in 1918. We were deported with the Russian army. On May 23, 1920 we reached Voronstova. The Russian Molokans helped us and took us to Tiflis. We stayed at the Church of St. George. I've been to Andranik's house twice. My grandmother would say, "We were three fewer than a hundred, but only four of us remained - they massacred everyone."
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Yelena Abrahamyan, born 1912, city of Kars, Turkey "I've seen this with my own eyes ? a woman with a child in her lap, jumped into the river. The river was swollen, it was deep in that gorge ? not very wide since they were able to make that wooden bridge ? but it was deep. It carried away all sort of things ? corpses, clothes, a cradle? And I stood there at the head of the bridge, witnessing all of that. It's interesting that people were stone cold: nobody was crying, there was no sound?"
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Nvard Sujyan, born in 1915, city of Van, Turkey. "I didn't see the massacres, I was very small when my family migrated. My father was a cook, he'd make delicious food, he was respected, they'd even call him for state dinners. One of my father's Turkish acquaintances had told him that we should flee. So we gathered all our belongings and took to the road. We suffered no losses, we stayed alive and reached and settled in Yerevan, on Abovyan Street."
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Shmavon Sahakyan, born in 1913 Zrchi village, Kars province, Turkey. "I can't forget our house, our yard, our gardens? I think about them day and night. Zrchi is one of 859 villages in the Kars province. Our family lived well - we had hectares of barley and wheat. The news of the Turks' barbarism reached us in 1918. Like the others, my grandfather also decided that our seven-member family must migrate to Alexandropol [Gyumri], because we lived around 50-60 kilometers away. I was six years old. In Armenia, my grandmother, grandfather and uncle died of starvation. We had eaten the flour and the wheat so nothing else was left. We were picking grass to eat."
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! EN_01266621_0009 RED
Mariam Avoyan, born in 1901, Bitlis Vilayet, Turkey, held up a wedding image of herself and her husband, while her daughter stood behind her. "I remember the massacres. Armenians and Turks lived in peace until then, but afterwards ? 5- and 6-year-old children witnessed a whole genocide. They took us Armenians ? man, woman, child, young and old ? to a large and open space and began. "They poured gasoline on people and burnt them. There was smoke and soot, the nauseating smell filled the air. The sky grew dark. People turned to ash in the fire. Thousands of corpses lay in that field. I was lying under dead people, not making a sound. There was the shadow of a man right in front of me. He was firing through the smoke at those who had remained alive. The Turkish soldiers waited until the last person was burned, and then they left. We finally managed to get to Armenia, to Talin. I got married, had six children, my young husband went to the war and never returned."
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Azat Tovmasyan, born in 1916, Korter village, Bitlis vilayet, Turkey "I was born on the migration journey. At 40 days old, I contracted chickenpox. My mother wrapped me on her back as if she were carrying things. When they got to Julfa, she took me off her back and saw that I wasn't making a sound, I wasn't breathing. She thought I was dead. An old man approached and said, 'Your child is alive, don't be afraid.'
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Abraham Sargsyan, born in 1905, city of Diyarbekir, Turkey. "I was 10 years old when the deportations started. My three brothers died on that journey. My mother, father, two sisters and I escaped towards Syria through the cane fields of the Khabur River, so that we wouldn't end up in Der Zor. "In 1946 I moved to Armenia with my sister, wife and elder daughter. And my parents came in 1964."
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Vardush Hovhannisyan, born in 1908, city of Van, Turkey. "I remember a woman, she was probably my mother, we were walking along the beach. ? We were on foot. The refugees had gathered in the tonir room, and a man was shooting, standing in front of the door. I remember the face of that man to this day. My parents died. My sister and I stayed alive.
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Tigran Farajyan, born in 1907, city of Sis, Adana Vilayet, Turkey "The Turkish state forced all the Armenians of Cilicia to migrate to Mesopotamia, and then wiped its hands clean. My sister was kidnapped by Arabs, and my stepmother abandoned my younger brother on the road. They made me wear girls' clothes and had sewn in gold pieces under the skirt. "I ended up in an orphanage first in Aleppo, then in Jerusalem. Arrived in Armenia in 1924."
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Parandzem Hovhannisyan, born in 1910, Prkhus village, Bitlis Vilayet, Turkey. "My two elder brothers died on the way, only the younger one and I remained. My mother had hung small sacks to both of her sides and kept halva [an Oriental sweet] in them. When we got hungry, we'd take some out and eat it. My poor mother was pregnant on the way, she gave birth in a cart, but she bled so much that she died. My brother took care of me. My husband was from Kars: He had kidnapped me. We had seven children."
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Yeranuhi Pananyan, born in1915, Musa Dagh, Aleppo vilayet (did not remember the village) "I don't remember much, I was a breast-suckling infant. I only remember the French and us in tents? the sea, living near the sea. Then the word spread that we can go back to our houses in Musa Dagh. Not long after, we migrated again, to Ainjar in Lebanon."
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Rehan Hakobyan, born in 1914, Krkhu village, Bitlis Vilayet, Turkey. "The Russian troops helped us and we emigrated. We passed between the two Masis mountains, through Nakhijevan. My father worked for the Russians. When he saved up some money, he managed to save us from the Turks and brought us to Armenia."
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Nshan Trdatyan, born in 1907, Yo?unoluk village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo vilayet "In 1915, we fled to the mountains through the forests. They killed my father and mother. Our grandmother was with us. I was on the mountain for 40 days. I was a boy, running around, helping out. The elders would tell us not to give in. But there was no other way. The priest threw himself off a cliff. And then, a ship appeared? The captain said, 'Hold out for four-five days, if we come back then you will be saved, otherwise you will face death.' They came. They took the women and children on board first and took them to Port Said. The French gave us tents, bread, food. That was it."
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Gabriel Gabrielyan, born in 1914, Annavan village, Van Vilayet, Turkey. "We migrated to Baghdad in 1915, then to Armenia in 1926. For 50 years, I worked as a teacher, a historian. I write songs and poetry."
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Hripsik Latoyan, born in 190, city of Bitlis, Turkey. "They killed everyone, we fled through the deserts of Baghdad. I was taken half-dead to the Baghdad hospital. All I remember is how we used to cook rice dishes. In 1921 they gave us the chance to go to Armenia and so I came."
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Avag Harutyunyan, born in 1911, Keghis village, Bitlis Vilayet, Turkey "The genocide deprived us of everything. Those who stayed alive managed to preserve only their lives.The Turkish soldiers were killing everyone. Before the massacre began, the village men were rounded up and taken to the Turkish Army, my father was with them. My mother went on the dark path of deportation alone, taking me along with my sister and two animals."
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Vasil Sukiasyan, born in 1912, Harin village, Van Vilayet, Turkey. "When the massacres began, my father was not at home, my grandfather and grandmother were. The Turks entered the village and called a meeting of the men. When my grandfather went, 90 percent of the men in the village had already been killed. My father returned at night. They pierced my ears, dressed me in girls' clothes and hid me in the tonir."
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Hripsime Haji-Sargsyan, born in 1911, Tavshanli village, Kutahya Vilayet, Turkey. "I was a child, but I remember how the Turks came and killed my grandfather, who was sitting by the door. My grandmother stepped out towards my grandfather and they killed her too. And within seconds, two corpses lay next to each other in front of our house."
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Varsenik Lagisyan, born 1908, Yo?unoluk village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo Vilayet. "We will either kill, or be killed ? that was what we thought about what we should do when the Turks entered our village. They announced that we had to leave our homes. The elders ? women, men ? called a meeting and decided to go up Musa Dagh... I remember well, that the French ship came and took us to Egypt... We'd been saved, so we rejoiced."
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Remella Amlikyan, born in 1905, Vagif village, Musa Dagh, Aleppo Vilayet. Gohar Amlikyan recalled of her mother, Remella, that "she'd always tell me about the defense of Musa Dagh. She was 10 years old. In 1915, her two uncles were killed, another one was taken by the Kurds during the flight so that they could hide him, but the Turks later found the poor man, put him inside a wall, blocking him in."
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