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Wszechświat/Planety (319)

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! EN_90241383_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Electricity generators. Computer artwork of some Van de Graaff generators. These create and store high voltages of static electricity. An electric charge generated in the base of the gold columns is carried up to the red spheres by a moving belt. The discharges of the accumulated static charges from the spheres are depicted as blue bolts of electricity.
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! EN_90218561_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Venus. Coloured radar map of the eastern hemisphere of Venus. The map was created using data gathered by the Magellan radar-mapping spacecraft in 1990-94. The colours indicate the elevation of the surface relative to the mean planetary radius (6041 km). Blue colours denote land below the mean radius; land above the mean radius is coloured green, brown, pink and white (highest). The equatorial zone is dominated by the upland 'continent' called Aphrodite Terra. To the north are the lowlands of Niobe Planitia, to the south is Aino Planitia.
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! EN_90218562_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Venus. Coloured radar map of a hemisphere of Venus centred on the prime meridian (0 degrees longitude). The map was created using data gathered by the Magellan radar-mapping spacecraft in 1990-94. The colours indicate the elevation of the surface relative to the mean planetary radius (6041 km). Blue colours denote land below the mean radius; land above the mean radius is coloured green, brown, pink and white (highest). Near the top of the frame is an upland 'continent' called Ishtar Terra. Just below centre is the upland Alpha Regio (pale brown); the centre of crater Eve to the south defines the planet's prime meridian.
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! EN_90220080_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Mars. Cutaway illustration showing the interior structure of the planet Mars. Mars is thought to have an inner core of molten iron (yellow), surrounded by a mantle (orange) of semi-liquid rock. A thin crust of solid rock lies on top. It is the next farthest planet from the Sun after Earth, and measures about half Earth's diameter. Like the Earth year, the Martian year has a summer and winter, but lasts longer (687 days). A day on Mars lasts 24 hours, 39 minutes and 35 seconds. The surface of Mars is a rocky desert landscape, coloured red by abundant iron oxide. The planet was once thought to support life but this theory has now been abandoned.
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! EN_90230564_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Jupiter's mass. Illustration of the planets of the Solar System on a weighing scale, with Jupiter outweighing all the other planets put together. Jupiter's mass is about two and a half times that of the Solar System's other planets combined. Although called a planet, it is technically a brown dwarf - a star that is too small to self- ignite. Jupiter is over three times further from the Sun than Earth is. A year on the planet lasts about 12 Earth-years, while a day lasts only 10 hours.
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! EN_90220074_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Jupiter. Cutaway illustration showing the interior structure of the planet Jupiter. By far the largest planet in the Solar System, Jupiter has a mass two and a half times that of all the other planets put together. A rocky core about the size of Earth lies at its centre, where the temperature is 20,000-30,000 degrees C. Around the core is a vast layer of liquid hydrogen (blue), which accounts for most of the planet's mass. The inner part of the hydrogen layer (dark blue) is under such high pressure that it acts like molten metal. Uppermost is a thin atmosphere of hydrogen (pale blue), water and ice (white), ammonium hydrosulphide (brown) and ammonia crystals (red).
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! EN_90213441_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Jupiter. Illustration of the planet Jupiter, showing its ring, red spot, and some of its 16 moons. Jupiter is the biggest planet in the Solar System, bigger than all the other planets put together. Jupiter is made almost entirely of gases, with its weather patterns showing as swirling orange or white shapes. Its Great Red Spot (right) is three times the size of Earth. The largest moon (left, orange) is almost as big as Mars. Also shown here is the moon Io (lower right, orange), which is covered with violently erupting volcanoes.
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! EN_90238102_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Space junk. Artwork of the distribution of debris (yellow dots) in orbit around the Earth. Some 22,000 man-made objects are in orbit around the Earth. Only a small fraction represents operating satellites; the remainder could be categorised as used rocket bodies, dead payloads, operational debris (such as optics covers and payload attachment hardware) and the consequence of 30 years of payload and rocket fragmentation. These objects are a hazard for future space missions due to the increasing probability of an impact with satellites or spacecrafts. The position of geo- synchronous satellites is marked by the inclined ellipse running from bottom left to top right.
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! EN_90238112_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Space junk. Artwork of the distribution of debris (yellow dots) in orbit around the Earth. Some 22,000 man-made objects are in orbit around the Earth. Only a small fraction represents operating satellites; the remainder could be categorised as used rocket bodies, dead payloads, operational debris (such as optics covers and payload attachment hardware) and the consequence of 30 years of payload and rocket fragmentation. These objects are a hazard for future space missions due to the increasing probability of an impact with satellites or spacecrafts. The position of geo- synchronous satellites is marked by the inclined ellipse running from bottom left to top right.
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! EN_90222465_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY False-colour radar map of the east hemisphere of Venus. The image is centered on the equator at 90 degrees east longitude, with the north pole at the top. The dominant radar-bright feature at centre is the continent Aphrodite Terra. The vast, circular Artemi Chasma canyon is at bottom right. The radar-bright feature in the northern hemisphere is the upland Tellus Regio, separated from Aphrodite Terra by the dark, lowland Niobe Planitia. The data for this image were gathered by the Magellan radar-mapping spacecraft. Areas of missing Magellan data have been filled in with lower-resolution Pioneer-Venus data. The colour was suggested by Soviet photographic data.
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! EN_90222466_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY False-colour radar map of the southern hemisphere of Venus. The prime meridian of Venus (0 degrees longitude) is oriented toward the top of the frame. Notable features include the bright, circular Artemi Chasma canyon at bottom right, with the bright southern edge of the continent of Aphrodite Terra extending to bottom centre. The bright patch at top centre is the upland Alpha Regio region. The data for this image were gathered by the Magellan radar-mapping spacecraft. Areas of missing Magellan data have been filled in by lower-resolution Pioneer-Venus data and a mid- tone or black where no data are available. The colour was suggested by Soviet photographic data.
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! EN_90222575_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY False-colour radar map of the west hemisphere of Venus. The image is centered on the equator at 270 degrees east (90 degrees west) longitude, with the north pole at top. Four major radar-bright upland features are seen. Running down the image just right of centre are Beta Regio (top), Phoebe Regio and the less-distinct Themis Regio (bottom). The bright area at centre left is the eastern extent of the continent Aphrodite Terra. The data for this image were gathered by the Magellan radar- mapping spacecraft. Areas of missing Magellan data have been filled in with lower-resolution Pioneer- Venus data. The colour was suggested by Soviet photographic data.
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! EN_90232490_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY False-colour oblique view of Lakshmi Planum, part of the Ishtar Terra 'continent' of Venus. This view is from a point 25 degrees above the horizon and is looking north. The image was made by combining a shaded relief map based on Venera 15/16 and Pioneer Venus (spacecrafts) altimetry with a colour-coded radar brightness image made by the Arecibo Observatory. The large, purple area is Lakshmi Planum which has two major volcanic calderas; Sacawajea (right) and Colette (left). Along the top of the plain is the line of the Akna Montes (orange), with the massive Maxwell Montes (also orange) at far right. The vertical scale of this view has been exaggerated by a factor of 50.
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! EN_90241948_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Illustration of volcanos in the Tharsis region of Mars, as seen from orbit. At the far left is Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the Solar System (27km high and 600km across the base). Just below centre is the line of the three Tharsis Montes (top to bottom): Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons and Arsia Mons. At far right is the smaller Tharsis Tholus, with Ceraunius Tholus and the tiny Uranius Tholus just above and to the left. To the left of Pavonis Mons are the twin Paterae, Biblis (left) and Ulysses. The lines above the Tharsis Montes are the deep ravines of Tantalus Fossae, below is the highly-faulted structure of the canyon Noctis Labyrinthus.
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! EN_90224706_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Colour-coded topographic map of the surface of Venus, compiled from radar data recorded by the Pioneer-Venus spacecraft. The smooth circle at top marks the south pole, an area not mapped by the spacecraft. Most of the planet's surface is covered by relatively smooth plains, coloured blue in this image. The equatorial highland region, coloured green and yellow, is a large 'continent' known as Aphrodite Terra.
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! EN_90233966_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Colour-coded topographic map of the surface of Venus, compiled from radar data recorded by the Pioneer-Venus spacecraft. Most of the planet's surface is covered by relatively smooth plains, coloured blue in this image. Several large highland regions are visible (yellow). The largest of these (top) is Ishtar Terra, a 'continent' about the size of Australia. At lower right is Aphrodite Terra, and at lower left a line of three highland regions; Beta Regio (top), Phoebe Regio (centre) & Themis Regio (bottom). In the centre of Ishtar Terra are the Maxwell Montes (red & white), the highest mountains on Venus.
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! EN_90213966_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY A rocket leaves Earth en route for the planet Mars. From top to bottom are Mars (red), the Sun (partially obscured by the rocket), the Moon (grey) and the Earth (blue).
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EN_01231879_2677 EYE
Flying by in early 1986, Voyager 2 captured this picture of Miranda, which enabled scientists to study this moon of Uranus in much greater detail than ever before. Discovered in 1948 by Gerard Peter Kuiper, Miranda is named for the daughter of the wily Prospero in Shakespeare's "The Tempest." It is the eleventh known satellite of Uranus and the innermost large moon of Uranus It was necessary that Voyager 2 passed by Miranda, not for scientific reasons, but simply for the gravity assist it needed to go on to Neptune. Due to the position of the entire Solar System, Miranda provided the energy to throw Voyager 2 to Neptune. Before Voyager, Miranda was largely ignored as it is not the largest moon and did not seem to have any other outstanding qualities. Fortunately, however, Voyager passed close enough to Miranda to provide scientists with fascinating photographs that captivated astronomers. About half ice and half rock, Miranda's surface has terraced layers that indicate both older and new surfaces coexisting. Since the mixing of ancient and recent surfaces is rare in planetary geology, scientists have postulated two explanations for the different ages of the numerous valleys and cliffs on Miranda. One theory is that Miranda could have shattered as many as five times and was then reassembled. Another hypothesis is that partly melted ice upwells forced new surfaces to emerge. Photo Credit: NASA / eyevine For further information please contact eyevine tel: +44 (0) 20 8709 8709 e-mail: info@eyevine.com www.eyevine.com
WORLDWIDE RIGHTS AVAILABLE. End users shall not licence, sell, transmit, or otherwise distribute any photographs represented by eyevine, to any third party.
! EN_90224705_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Colour-coded topographic map of the surface of Venus, compiled from radar data recorded by the Pioneer-Venus spacecraft. The smooth circle at top marks the north pole, an area not mapped by the spacecraft. Most of the planet's surface is covered by relatively smooth plains, coloured blue in this image. Two large highland regions are visible (yellow), Ishtar Terra (upper left) and Aphrodite Terra (lower right). Ishtar Terra is a 'continent' about the size of Australia, containing the Maxwell Montes (red), the highest mountains on Venus.
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