czwartek, 24 stycznia 2019
zamknij [x]
do:

Infografika retro (1779)

123
567... z 89

Zdjęcia

! EN_01150989_9870 SCI
The pantelegraph was an early form of facsimile machine based on the 1843 patent of the Scottish clockmaker Alexander Bain. He had discovered a way to transmit a two-dimensional image as a series of electrical pulses across two wires. An electrically-conductive swinging pendulum acted as a scanning stylus by moving back and forth and line by line across a copper plate containing a raised image. This generated electrical pulses which were transmitted by telegraph wires to the receiver equipped with a similar pendulum, synchronised with that on the sending device, which could generate an exact replica of the original image. The 6-ft high pantelegraph of 1865 developed by Abbe Giovanni Caselli, an Italian priest and professor of physics, became the first practicable fax machine able to go into commercial service by overcoming the synchronisation deficiencies of Bain's design.
! EN_01151355_0533 SCI
Thorax and abdomen. 19th century artwork showing the organs of the thorax and abdomen in profile. At top is the right lung. Below the lung are the liver (dark red) and the falciform ligament (pink), which attaches the liver to the body wall. Filling the majority of the abdominal cavity are the large (outer) and small (inner) intestines. The sac-like object at bottom right is the bladder. This anatomical artwork is plate 10 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0537 SCI
Gum anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the anatomy of the gum around the canine tooth and first premolar in the lower jaw. Nerves are white, arteries are red and veins are blue. This anatomical artwork is plate 14 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0538 SCI
Salivary glands, 19th century artwork. At top are the parotid glands, which are located just below the ear. At bottom left is a cut-away artwork of the lower jar in profile showing the submandibular gland (bottom left) and the sublingual gland (upper right beneath tongue). At bottom right is a view of the underside of the tongue showing the anterior lingual glands (top) and the sublingual glands (bottom). At centre is a view of the palate showing palatine mucous glands (left). This anatomical artwork is plate 14 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0540 SCI
Tongue anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the musculature of the tongue. Top left and centre right show the muscle fibres on the dorsal (top) side of the tongue. Bottom left shows the muscle fibres on the ventral (bottom) side. Upper centre and centre show transverse sections through the tongue and tongue and lower jaw (centre). At centre the inner muscle between the tongue and jaw is the styloglossus, the outer muscle is the genioglossus. Top and bottom right show profile sections through the lower jaw. The main expanse of muscle at bottom right is the genioglossus. At top right this is overlaid with the hypoglossus (left) and styloglossus (top). This anatomical artwork is plate 15 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0541 SCI
Tongue anatomy, 19th century artwork. Nerves are white, arteries are red and veins are blue. At left are views of the ventral (bottom, top left) and dorsal (top, bottom left) sides of the tongue. The globular structures are salivary and mucous glands. At right are transverse sections through the tongue and jaw (top and centre) and the tongue (bottom). Filiform papillae, which sense pressure, can be seen on the surface of the tongue. This anatomical artwork is plate 15 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0542 SCI
Tongue anatomy. 19th century artwork of a transverse section through the tongue. Nerves are white, arteries are red and veins are blue. Filiform papillae, which sense pressure, cover most of the surface of the tongue. Also seen is a rounder fungiform papilla (top centre), which contains tastebuds. This anatomical artwork is plate 15 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0546 SCI
Pleura and peritoneum. 19th century artwork showing the serous membranes of the thorax and abdomen. The thoracic cavity is lined by the pleura and the abdominal cavity is lined by the peritoneum. Both have an inner (visceral) and an outer (parietal) layer. The parietal layer (at left) contains the blood vessels and nerves. The visceral layer (at right) secretes lubricating serous fluid that reduces friction from movement. This anatomical artwork is plate 1 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0547 SCI
Abdominal anatomy. 19th century artwork of a dissected abdomen. At top left of the abdominal cavity is the liver (dark red) and at top right is the stomach. Hanging down from the stomach, covering the intestines, is the greater omentum (yellow). This is a fold of the peritoneum, the layer of connective tissue that lines the abdominal cavity. This anatomical artwork is plate 2 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0548 SCI
Thorax and abdomen. 19th century artwork showing the organs of the thorax and abdomen. At top are the lungs. The diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Below the diaphragm are the liver (dark red) and the stomach (grey). Filling the majority of the abdominal cavity are the large (outer) and small (inner) intestines. At bottom centre is the bladder. This anatomical artwork is plate 3 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0549 SCI
Digestive system. 19th century artwork showing the organs of the digestive system. The oesophagus (gullet) carries food from the mouth to the stomach (grey). To the left of the stomach is the liver (dark red). Below these is the large intestine and the space where the small intestine would be. At bottom centre is the rectum, the last part of the large intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 3 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0550 SCI
Pleura and peritoneum. 19th century artwork showing the serous membranes of the thorax and abdomen from the rear. The thoracic cavity is lined by the pleura and the abdominal cavity is lined by the peritoneum. Both have an inner (visceral) and an outer (parietal) layer. The parietal layer (at left) contains the blood vessels and nerves. The visceral layer (at right) secretes lubricating serous fluid that reduces friction from movement. At lower centre are the aorta (red), the body's main artery, and the vena cava (blue), the body's main vein. This anatomical artwork is plate 5 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0551 SCI
Kidneys. 19th century artwork showing a dissected abdomen from the rear. The aorta (red), the body's main artery, and the vena cava (blue), the body's main vein, are running down centre. Either side if them at centre are the two kidneys. This anatomical artwork is plate 6 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0552 SCI
Abdominal anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the anatomy of the abdomen from the rear. The liver (dark red) is at top right and the spleen at top left (purple). At top centre are one of the vertebra of the spine, the aorta (red), the body's main artery, and the vena cava (blue), the body's main vein. Parts of the large intestine are seen at right, left and bottom. This anatomical artwork is plate 7 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0553 SCI
Thorax and abdomen. 19th century artwork showing the anatomy of the abdomen from the rear. At top are the lungs, with the oesophagus (gullet, pink) and aorta (red), the body's main artery, between them. The diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Below the diaphragm are the spleen (purple, left), stomach (grey, centre left) and liver (dark red, right). At centre is the pancreas (yellow). At right and left are parts of the large intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 8 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0570 SCI
Throat anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the anatomy of the pharynx and oesophagus (gullet, down left). The pharynx is where the naval cavity meets the throat at the back of the mouth. This anatomical artwork is plate 16 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0571 SCI
Throat anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the anatomy of the neck and oesophagus (gullet, down centre). The pharynx is where the naval cavity meets the throat at the back of the mouth. Nerves are white, veins are blue, arteries are pale red, muscles are dark red. This anatomical artwork is plate 16 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0576 SCI
Pharynx lining. 19th century artwork of the mucous lining of the pharynx. The pharynx is where the naval cavity meets the throat at the back of the mouth. Mucous glands are cream, nerves are white, arteries are red and veins are blue. This anatomical artwork is plate 16 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0750 SCI
Small intestine. 19th century artwork showing the blood vessels of the small intestine. Arteries are red and veins are blue. Down centre are the superior mesenteric artery and the superior mesenteric vein. This anatomical artwork is plate 27 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0751 SCI
Small intestine. 19th century artwork showing the nerves (white) of the small intestine. The large intestine is seen surrounding the central small intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 28 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).

góra

123
567... z 89