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Infografika retro (1727)

12
456... z 87

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! EN_01151355_0761 SCI
Spleen anatomy. 19th century artwork of an anterior view of the spleen. The large vein (blue) is the splenic vein and the large artery (red) is the splenic artery. This anatomical artwork is Fig. 1 of plate 44 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0762 SCI
Spleen anatomy. 19th century artwork showing the microscopic structure of the spleen. The upper figure shows the capillaries and lymphatic nodes and vessels. The lower figure shows areas of white pulp within a matrix of red pulp. The red pulp is responsible for filtering blood, while the white plp contains immune system cells that respond to pathogens. This anatomical artwork is plate 45 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0779 SCI
Abdominal anatomy, 19th century artwork, posterior view. At centre right and left are the kidneys (brown), with an adrenal gland (purple) above each. At centre is the coeliac, or solar, plexus (white), the junction of the network of nerves that serve the upper abdominal organs. Down centre right is the vena cava (blue), the body's main vein. At top right is the liver (dark brown). The spleen (purple) is at left. This anatomical artwork is plate 49 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0780 SCI
Abdominal organs, 19th century artwork. Across top is the liver (dark red), with the gallbladder (yellow) overlaying it. At top right is the stomach, with the spleen (purple) to its right. At lower centre is the small intesetine, surrounded by the large intestine. At bottom centre is the bladder. Lifted at centre right is the greater omentum (yellow), a fold of the peritoneum, the layer of connective tissue that lines the abdominal cavity. This anatomical artwork is plate 50 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0781 SCI
Urinary system. 19th century artwork showing the organs of the urinary system. At top right and left are the kidneys (brown), with an adrenal gland (purple) above each. A ureter (white) carries urine from each kidney to the bladder (bottom centre). At upper centre are the aorta (red), the body's main artery, and the vena cava (blue), the body's main vein. This anatomical artwork is plate 52 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0782 SCI
Kidney anatomy. 19th century artworks of the kidney. At left are anterior views, at right posterior views. At centre an anterior view shows the network of blood vessels in the kidney. At top and bottom the renal artery is red, the renal vein is blue and the ureter, which carries urine to the bladder is white. At bottom the sections show the outer cortex (pink) and inner medulla (light pink). This anatomical artwork is plate 53 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0836 SCI
Female reproductive system. 19th century artwork of the external genitals of the female reproductive system. At lower centre is the vagina, the muscular birth canal. The small opening directly above it is the urethra, the opening from the bladder, while below the vagina is the anus. Above the urethra is the clitoris, a body of erectile tissue that is homologous to the penis. The vagina is surrounded by the labia minora, which are surrounded by the labia majora. This anatomical artwork is plate 60 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0837 SCI
Abdominal anatomy. 19th century artwork of a dissected abdomen showing ther nerves (white). At upper right and left are the kidneys, with an adrenal gland (purple) above each. Part of the large intestine is at right. This anatomical artwork is plate 62 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0838 SCI
Female reproductive system, 19th century artwork. At centre is the rectum, the last part of the large intestine. Above it is the uterus, or womb. Either side of the centre of the uterus are the fallopian tubes, or oviducts, which terminate at the ovaries. This anatomical artwork is plate 65 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0839 SCI
Female reproductive system, 19th century artwork. At centre is the uterus, or womb. Either side of the uterus are the fallopian tubes (pink), or oviducts, which terminate at the ovaries (white). Beneath the uterus is the vagina. To the left of the vagina is the bladder. To the right of the vagina is the rectum, the last part of the large intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 66 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0840 SCI
Female reproductive system, 19th century artwork. At centre are the uterus, or womb, and vagina. To their left is the bladder. To their right is the rectum, the last part of the large intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 67 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0858 SCI
Female reproductive system. 19th century artworks of the fallopian tubes, or oviducts, and ovaries. Two fallopian tubes branch off from the top of the uterus (womb, top right), and terminate at the ovaries. The figures at bottom show the epoophoron, an embryological remnant made up of small ducts. It is homologous to the epididymis in the male reproductive system (third from top at left). This anatomical artwork is plate 72 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0859 SCI
Uterus at full term. 19th century artwork showing the blood vessels of the uterus, or womb, at full term. This anatomical artwork is Fig. 1 of plate 73 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0860 SCI
Uterus anatomy. 19th century artworks showing the uterus, or womb, at different ages. Foetal uteri are at top right (youngest) and top left. At top centre are anterior (Fig. 3) and posterior (Fig.4) views of the uterus at birth. Fig. 5 and 6 show the uterus in the abdomen at birth. At centre are anterior (left) and profile (right) views of the reproductive organs of a 10 year old. At bottom centre is the uterus and vagina of an adult woman who has not had children. At bottom are the uteri and vaginas of a 71 year old that had children (right), and an 81 year old that had children (right). This anatomical artwork is plate 75 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0861 SCI
Female breast anatomy. 19th century artworks showing the anatomy of the female breast and the changes that occur to the nipple and areola during pregnancy. At centre right is a nipple in the third month of pregnancy. At centre is a nipple in the sixth month of pregnancy. At bottom centre is a nipple in the ninth month of pregnancy. This anatomical artwork is plate 76 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0862 SCI
Female breast anatomy. 19th century artworks showing the anatomy of the female breast. Arteries are red, veins are blue and nerves are white. This anatomical artwork is Fig. 5 plate 76 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0863 SCI
Female reproductive system, 19th century artwork. Arteries are red, veins are blue. At centre is the uterus, or womb. Either side at the top of the uterus are the fallopian tubes, or oviducts, which terminate at the ovaries (white). Below each oviduct is a round ligament. Beneath the uterus is the bladder. The white tube above the uterus is the rectum, the last part of the large intestine. This anatomical artwork is plate 68 from volume 5 (1839) of 'Traite complet de l'anatomie de l'homme' (1831-1854). This 8-volume anatomy atlas was produced by the French physician and anatomist Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery (1797-1849). The illustrations were by Nicolas-Henri Jacob (1781-1871).
! EN_01151355_0917 SCI
Medieval depiction of the Solar System. 1230 extract from De sphaera mundi, by the Parisian astronomer and monk Johannes de Sacrobosco (circa 1195-1256), with an artwork depicting the earth in the centre, surrounded by a tail-biting dog, the moon and its phases and the sun on its orbit, correlated to signs of the zodiac. De sphaera mundi is a short astronomy textbook that was widely read and influential in Europe as an introduction to astronomy. Sacrobosco is also known for writing a short introduction to the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, which became the most widely read introduction to the subject in the later mediaeval centuries. He also correctly described the defects of the then-used Julian calendar and recommended what was essentially the Gregorian
! EN_01151355_0919 SCI
Nembrod. 1679 artwork showing the city of Nembrod.
! EN_01151355_0925 SCI
Constantinople. Early 20th Century artwork showing the layout of the ancient city of Constantinople (in modern-day Turkey) and the adjacent Territories and Seas.

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