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! EN_01126623_0154 SCI
Artwork of a Carboniferous forest of Midwestern North America 350 million years ago from ground level looking up toward the sky. Features vascular, arborescent plants of the species Lepidodendron aculeatum, spore-bearing, arborescent plants of the species Sigillaria scutellata, and pinnate-leafed seed plants of the order Cycadales.
! EN_01126623_0155 SCI
Artwork of peacock-sized theropod dinosaurs of the genus Caudipteryx wandering a landscape dominated by cycad-like seed plants of the genus Williamsonia 125 million years ago in what is today China.
! EN_01126623_0156 SCI
Artwork of an adult theropod dinosaur of the genus Caudipteryx from 125 million years ago compared to a modern adult peacock. Both the Caudipteryx and peacock are about 75cm tall.
! EN_01126623_0157 SCI
Artwork of an adult Deinotherium from 7 million years ago compared to a modern adult African elephant.
! EN_01126623_0158 SCI
Artwork of primitive lungfish of the genus Dipterus emerging from a Late Devonian fresh water lake 385 million years ago in what is today North America. Large terrestrial flora include varieties of lycopods and tree-like plants of the genus Archaeopteris dominate the landscape. The underbrush suggests how younger versions of these plants may have appeared, however it's not necessarily representative of any specific flora.
! EN_01126623_0159 SCI
Artwork of an 20cm long primitive jawless fish of the species Drepanaspis gemuendenensis on the bottom of a shallow Devonian sea 380 million years ago.
! EN_01126623_0161 SCI
Artwork of a synapsid of the genus Edaphosaurus foraging in a brackish mangrove-like swamp of gymnosperms of the genus Cordaites 300 million years ago in what is today Western Europe. Also in this image are several examples of extinct seed fern of the genus Neuropteris as well as smaller examples of generic fern that may have been present during the period. Other fauna include two examples of the large dragonfly-like Meganeura, a centipede, and in the foreground a juvenile prehistoric shark of the genus Xenaca.
! EN_01126623_0163 SCI
Artwork of an adult Elasmotherium from 2 million years ago compared to a modern adult white rhinoceros.
! EN_01126623_0178 SCI
Artwork of a pair of 1m-long ornithischian dinosaurs of the order Ornithopoda giving a wide berth to a 12m-long, 10-tonne crocodyliform of the genus Sarcosuchus 110 million years ago in what is today Africa. A distant relative of the crocodile, Sarcosuchus was one of the largest crocodile-like reptiles that ever lived, nearly twice as long as today's saltwater crocodile.
! EN_01126623_0181 SCI
Artwork of a Megalosaurid theropod dinosaur of the genus Torvosaurus relaxing among cycads and ferns 150 million years ago in what is today Colorado. In the background are juniper and ginkgo and in the sky flying reptiles of order Pterosauria.
! EN_01126623_0182 SCI
Artwork of an adult woolly mammoth from 150 thousand years ago compared to a modern adult African elephant.
! EN_01126623_0729 SCI
Megalosaurus and hypsilophodon dinosaurs. Artwork of a Middle Jurassic scene. A herd of small dinosaurs (hypsilophodons) are agitated by the presence of a megalosaurus, a theropod dinosaur. Also seen are araucaria trees (background) and swamp cypresses (left).
! EN_01124366_0030 SCI
Neanderthal and modern human, artwork. Neanderthals (left) were shorter and more heavily built than modern humans (right), who are taller and slenderer. Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) first appeared in Europe around 600,000 years ago, and co-existed with modern humans (Homo sapiens), who emerged around 200,000 years ago. It is thought that Neanderthals and modern humans interbred, and by around 30,000 years ago no Neanderthal traits remained.
! EN_01084902_0296 SCI
Evolution of the Earth, artwork. The Earth's internal structure is shown in the insets, with the corresponding state of the Earth's crust across top. At left, from 4.6 to 2.3 billion years ago, the mantle only had weak convection currents (dotted lines) and a fluid core-mantle boundary. The surface was cratered and barren. At centre, from 2.3 billion years ago, soil and oceans form. Post-perovskite forms the core-mantle boundary, reinforcing convection cells. Volcanism begins. At right, 1 billion years ago, convection within the iron core forms a magnetic field. Plate tectonics begins, and mountains, an atmosphere, and life form.
! EN_90020640_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Calendar of the Universe, computer illustration. The Universe is estimated to be about 14 billion years old. This diagram presents the history of the Universe compressed into a single year, showing the relative timing of major events. It illustrates that the origin of complex life on Earth is relatively recent on a cosmological scale with the first animals not appearing until December 10. On this timescale, the whole history of human civilization is equivalent to the final minute of the year.
! EN_90019687_0007 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Human evolution. Illustration showing stages in the evolution of humans. At left, proconsul (23-15 million years ago) is depicted hypothetically as an African ape with both primitive and advanced features. From it Australopithecus afarensis (4- 2.5 Myr BP) evolved and displayed a bipedal, upright gait walking on two legs. Homo habilis (2.5 Myr BP) was truly human ("homo") resembling Australopithecus but also used stone tools. About 1.5 Myr BP Homo erectus (at centre) appeared in Africa, used fire, wooden tools, and migrated from Africa into Eurasia. Homo neanderthalensis (200,000 years BP) lived in Europe and Middle East and was closely related to modern humans (right).
! EN_90277310_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Samuel Wilberforce (1805-1873), English bishop. Wilberforce was born in London, third son of the reformer William Wilberforce. He studied at Oriel College Oxford, making a name or himself in the debating society. His first church appointment was in 1831, thereafter he succeeded to higher positions until becoming Bishop of Oxford in 1845. He is best known for his opposition to Darwinism in a debate with Huxley at the British Association in 1860. His main arguments were on scientific grounds in which he was possibly coached by Robert Owen, although he was apparently educated enough to be a fellow of the Royal Society. He was known as 'Soapy Sam', possibly because of his habit of wringing his hands during debate.
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! EN_90257348_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Evolution of Przewalski's horse. Artwork showing the ancestral equid Hyracotherium sp. (left) evolving into Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii). Przewalski's horse is also known as the Mongolian wild horse, Asian wild horse and Dzungarian horse. It is critically endangered (as of 2009).
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! EN_90259872_0001 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Galapagos finches. Artwork showing the beaks of different species of finches found in the Galapagos Islands. These birds were so different that naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) first thought that they were unrelated to each other. However, he later realised that they were all finches, in what is now known as the family Fringillidae. He went on to draw the conclusion that they all probably came from a common ancestor, but had diversified and evolved to adapt to local food supplies on the different islands, hence the specialised beak shapes seen here.
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! EN_90259872_0002 SCI
PHOTO: EAST NEWS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Galapagos finches. Artwork showing the beaks of different species of finches found in the Galapagos Islands. These birds were so different that naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) first thought that they were unrelated to each other. However, he later realised that they were all finches, in what is now known as the family Fringillidae. He went on to draw the conclusion that they all probably came from a common ancestor, but had diversified and evolved to adapt to local food supplies on the different islands, hence the specialised beak shapes seen here.
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