Whitby Hospital in Cardiff was originally opened as a mental asylum but was taken over by the military during World War Two. VARIOUS LOCATIONS: In one image, a dilapidated and crumbling set of stairs were covered in debris and open to the elements where the ceiling had fallen away in an abandoned UK asylum that once housed 1,500 patients. In another, thousands of iron pegs lined a field in Georgia, USA, in a town that sprung up around what was once one of the largest psychiatric hospitals in the United States, each one signifying one of the 25,000 patients that were buried in the hospital?s grounds. Others show beds left to rot in the remains of a 190-year-old lunatic asylum in South Carolina, the vast buildings and grounds of an Irish asylum that treated the mentally ill with lobotomies, and a mix of chairs including one with heavy restraints attached in an asylum classroom in Tennessee. The first recorded lunatic asylum in Europe was Bethlem Royal Hospital in London which was built in 1247 as a priory and admitted its first mentally ill patients in 1407. Thankfully, the barbarism of asylums is mostly a thing of the past, however, it may come as a shock to know just how long some remained open for. The last asylum to close in the UK was Runwell Hospital which closed in 2010 and others like High Royds closed as late as 2003. Hobbyist urban explorer Cathal Henry (48) from Dublin, Ireland, captured images of Asylum X, as it is commonly known, where mental illness was treated with lobotomies and homosexuals were subjected to horrifying ?correctional? procedures.